Keep the cats apart. Make sure to keep the cats separated for a least a few weeks — or more if your older cat feels stressed. Provide some supervised interactions to get them used to each other's scents and movements. Provide some hiding places for the senior cat to retreat to.
Spend one-on-one time. Your older cat might feel lonely and displaced by your new kitten, so it's important to show her that you still love her. Spend quality alone time with your older cat — hold her, pet her, and play with her while your new kitten is safely shut away in another room.
Get them involved in shared, positive activities. Try sitting down and placing a cat on either side of you. Give each cat a treat and praise them both. Pet them and talk to them while remaining calm and peaceful. If your older cat hisses or is aggressive with the new kitten, remove her from the situation and try again later.
Move on to shared playtime. Cats love to play, but be careful to avoid competition. A game like blowing soap bubbles is a great idea as it allows for multiple targets, whereas a single laser point may create competition as cats go for the same spot.
Try mealtimes. If shared human time works well, move on to shared mealtimes. Place their food bowls about a foot apart or more and encourage them to come eat. Dinner will keep them occupied, and the cats will be aware of each other's presence in a positive environment.
Give it time. When your older cat is stressed, it might simply take her some time to adjust to life with the new kitten. Try not to create a firm time frame, and keep up these activities until you start to see progress.
Additional tips. Add at least another litter box in the house, and in a new location. Also cut the nails of the cat regularly to minimize risk of scratches between the two of them.
When your cat is stressed by new-kitten behavior, it can take plenty of patience and dedication to ease the transition. While the two cats may not necessarily become best friends, they should be able to coexist happily.
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